DOI 10.21440/2307-2091-2016-3-87-90

Dust formation and use of rocks dust at industrial sites pdf

S. Ya. Davydov, N. G. Valiev, N. M. Suslov, A. N. Semin, A. I. Ermolaev, T. N. Cheremisina, M. S. Filatov

The authors identified the sources of dust formation in quarries and risk of dust effect on staff health. This article presents dust properties depending on its fractional
composition and possible ways of use of dust in the production: the use as target products; return to the production that generates this type of dust; recycling in another production with obtaining of commercial products; recycling for construction purposes; agricultural use etc. The authors consider possibility of using pulverized coal as a new fuel. According to studies of granulometric composition of fragmented by explosion rocks of various hardness, for each kilogram of explosives during mass explosions gaseous cloud obtains from 80 to 320 g of particulate fraction of up to 20 microns. One can see a presented dust properties, depending on the particle size, and the dependence by definition of the dust and gas atmospheric pollution in the production of massive explosions. The authors also propose a new all-terrain vehicle with the air bag for collection and transportation of dust-raising bulk materials in the conditions of obstruction on the land, such as in quarries after blasting, excavation, works on movement of the rock mass, and others. This article contains the description and operating principle of the new vehicle, and the main parameters of speed airflow depending on the fractional composition of dust. Authors suggest dependences for differential pressure to create an airbag and the suction line, as well as in the flexible suction conduit, in the intake nozzle, in the filter and expenditure of transported air in the suction line.

Keywords: career; dangerous and harmful manufacturing processes; raw materials dust; dust removal; vehicle; labor safety; airbag; compressed air; differential
pressure; vacuum.



1. Davydov S. Ya. 2007, Energosberegayushchee oborudovanie dlya transportirovki sypuchikh materialov: Issledovanie, razrabotka, proizvodstvo [Energy-saving
equipment for the transport of bulk materials: Research, development, production], Ekaterinburg, 317 p.
2. Adushkin V. V. 1996, Osnovnye faktory vozdeystviya otkrytykh gornykh rabot na okruzhayushchuyu sredu [The main influencing factors of open cast mining on
the environment]. Gornyy zhurnal [Mining journal], no. 4, pp. 49-55.
3. Beresnevich P. V. 1990, Aerologiya kar’erov [Aerology of quarries], Moscow, 280 p.
4. Rudenko K. G., Kalmykov A. V. 1987, Obespylivanie i pyleulavlivanie pri obrabotke poleznykh iskopaemykh [Dedusting and dust collection in the processing of
minerals], Moscow, 264 p.
5. Ovchinnikov A. A., Dubkova N. Z., Kuznetsov M. G. et al. 2009, Issledovanie protsessa ulavlivaniya tverdykh chastits v vysokoeffektivnykh skrubberakh
vikhrevogo tipa [Research of the process of trapping particulates in highly effecive vortex type scrubbers], Kazan’, 77 p.
6. 1999, Metodika rascheta vrednykh vybrosov (sbrosov) dlya kompleksa oborudovaniya otkrytykh gornykh rabot (na osnove udel’nykh pokazateley) [Methodo-
logy for calculating of harmful emissions (discharges) for opencast mining equipment (based on specific indicators)], Lyubertsy, 47 p.
7. Davydov S. Ya., Cheremisina T. N. Transportnoe sredstvo vysokoy prokhodimosti. Zayavka na izobretenie № 2015157171 ot 29.12.2015 [High cross vehicle.
The application for the invention № 2015157171 from 12.29.2015].
8. Davydov S. Ya., Boyarskikh G. A., Belov S. V., Cheremisina T. N. 2016, Pyleobrazovanie i resheniya po pyleulavlivaniyu v kar’erakh [Dust formation and solutions
for dust collection in quarries]. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’ [Mining informational and analytical bulletin], no. 3, pp. 171–180.
9. Vavilov I. S. 2009, Letatel’nyy apparat na vozdushnoy podushke: problemy ostoychivosti [Dusting and solutions for dust removal in quarries]. Omskiy nauchnyy
vestnik: seriya “Pribory, mashiny i tekhnologii” [Omsk Scientific Bulletin. Equipment, machines and technology], no. 2, pp. 133–136.

Лицензия Creative Commons
All articles posted on the site are available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Global License.