УДК 622.013.3:658.012.2(03)


Introduction. Today, the Russian Federation leads the world in its proven reserves of iron ore, and ranks 5th in the world in production of marketable iron ore (enriched in iron). However, currently, there is an imbalance in location of metallurgical complexes and their raw material base that leads to negative economic consequences. At mining enterprises, the trend of permanent deterioration of the geological and mining technical conditions of the development of deposits is maintained. Thus, the trend analysis of iron ore extraction and availability of reserves of mining enterprises to estimate the level of production and consumption of iron ore is an important task in modern economic conditions.
Results. Based on the trend analysis for mining, production and consumption of iron ore in Russia for the period 1990–2016 taking into account the contribution of regions to the extraction of raw ore and the production of marketable products, the dynamics of a decrease in the yield of marketable ore was determined due to deterioration of the quality characteristics of raw iron ore. Some patterns and supply behavior of iron ore within the regions of Russia and in foreign countries were analyzed. The structure of iron ore supplies for export has been determined. The distances of iron ore transportation between the regions of Russia are specified. Evaluation and the projected growth of the iron ore industry for the coming years are given. It was shown that over the past 5–7 years, there has been a stabilization of the supply of iron ore raw materials to metallurgical enterprises and for export at the level of 101–107 million tons/year; the growth in raw ore production (up to 2–7% annually) is primarily due to reducing its quality and reducing the yield of marketable ore with existing technologies of beneficiation.
Conclusions. It was established that the supply of iron ore raw materials for export reaches 30% of the volume of its production in Russia and amounts to 20–30 million tons/year. Estimated performance of mining enterprises indicate a stable position of the industry in 2010–2016 and for the shortterm; there is an increase in raw ore production, maintenance a high level of output of marketable ore, improvement financial performance, and a strong position in the markets to the product.

Keywords: iron ore, raw ore, ore mining and dressing plant, headings, steel pellets, supply structure, production ouput, raw materials supply.



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