Complex deposits of nonferrous and precious metals in sedimentary basins

E. S. Kontar’


DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.21440/2307-2091-2018-2-49-54

E. S. Kontar' / News of the Ural State Mining University 2 (2018) 49-54


The urgency of this review is conditioned by the expediency of generalization of published materials on geological features of complex ore deposits localized in sedimentary basins of many regions of the world.
The purpose of the study is to compose a review of the papers published in Russia and in foreign countries during the last 25–30 years. These papers should be concerned with the issues of the placement, geological structure and Mineralogy of non-traditional deposits of precious and non-ferrous metals. This should be taken into account when forecasting such objects in appropriate geological conditions.
Research methodology: the review is based on the analysis of the published data. This information characterizes unconventional complex deposits of precious and non-ferrous metals of different geological provinces of the world with varying degrees of completeness and reliability. 
Results. Peculiar complex polymetallic deposits of noble and non-ferrous metals are localized in sedimentary basins of many regions of the world. The ores of these deposits include Mo, Ni, Cu, Zn, U, Se, and V. They are accompanied by abnormally high concentrations of noble metals, including platinum group metals, among them Pt and Pd usually prevail. The presence of ore-bearing terrigenous carbon formations of different ages in the anoxic parts of the shelf of the inland sea basins or in marginal-continental sea basins is common to all known provinces with complex polymetallic deposits. The basins maintain a fundamentally similar paleotectonic position: they are part of the covers of ancient platforms or of the upper parts of their foundations.
Summary. The most detailed information is available on deposits of Southern China, Canada, and Onega deflection in Karelia. The information about precious-metal mineralization of the Verkhnekamsk salt deposit is also presented. The data on the likely prospects for similar mineralization of some structures of the Eastern edge of the East European platform are given as well.

Keywords: black shales, non-ferrous metals; precious metals; organometallic complexes; sedimentary basins; salts; Southern China; Canada; Onega deflection; Eastern European platform.



1. Bilibina T. V., Mel’nikov Ye. K., Savitsky A. V. 1991, O novom tipe mestorozhdeniy kompleksnykh rud v Yuzhnoy Karelii [On a new type ofdeposits of complex ores in South Karelia]. Geologiya rudnykh mestorozhdeniy [Geology of ore deposits], no. 6, pp. 3–14.
2. Dodin D. A., Chernyshov N. M., Yatskevich B. A. 2000, Platinometal’nyye mestorozhdeniya Rossii [Platinum metal deposits of Russia], Saint Petersburg, 755 p.
3. Konkin V. D., Ruchkin G. V., Bukinga O. B. and others 1993, Obstanovki nakhozhdeniya platinometal’nogo orudeneniya v chernoslantsevykh formatsiyakh [Situations of finding platinum-metal mineralization in black-shale formations]. Rudy i metally [Ores and metals], no. 1–3, pp. 22–28.
4. Poluarshinov G. P., Konstantinov V. M. 1994, O novykh tipakh platinoidnogo orudeneniya [On new types of platinoid mineralization]. Mineral’nyye resursy Rossii [Mineral resources of Russia. Economics and management], no. 4, pp. 20–23.
5. Trofimov N. N., Golubev A. I. 2000, Geodinamicheskiye usloviya formirovaniya i metallogeniya Onezhskoy vpadiny [Geodynamic conditions of formation and metallogeny of Onega depression]. Rudy i metally [Ores and metals], no. 5, pp. 10–25.
6. Barnes S., Schmid S., Coveney Jr. R. M., et al. 2018, Geochemical investigation of the lower Cambrian mineralised black shales of South China  and late Devonian Nick deposit, Canada. Ore Geology Reviews, vol. 94, pp. 396–413.
7. Coveney Jr. R. M., Nancheng C. 1991, Ni–Mo–PGM–Au–rich ores in Chinese black shales and specification on possible analyses in United States. Mineralium Deposita, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 83–88.
8. Coveney Jr. R. M., Grauch R. I., Murowchick J. B. 1994, The Geological Setting of Precious Metal-bearing Ni–Mo Ores Beds. Society of Economic Geologists Newsletter, pp. 1–10.
9. Grauch R. I., Murowchick J. B., Coveney Jr. R. M. et al. 1991, Extreme concentration of Mo, Ni, PGE and Au in anoxic marine basins, China and Canada. In Source, Transport and Deposition of Metals (M. Pagel & J. L. Leroy, eds.). Proc. 25th SGA Anniversary Meeting, Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 531–534.
10. Coveney Jr. R. M., Murowchick J. B., Grauch R. I. et al. 1992, Gold and Platinum in Shale with Evidence against extraterrestrial Sources of Metals. Chemical Geology, vol. 99, pp. 101–114.
11. Lott D. A., Coveney Jr. R. M., Murowchick J. B., Grauch R. I. 1999, Sedimentary exhalative nickel-molibdenium ores in South China. Economic Geology, vol. 94(7), pp. 1051–1066.
12. Gurskaya, L. I. 2008, Platinometal’noye orudeneniye chernoslantsevogo tipa i kriterii ego prognozirovaniya [The platinum-metal mineralization in the black-shale type and criteria of its forecasting], Saint Petersburg, 208 p.
13. Kovalev S. G., Snachev V. I., Vysotsky V. I., and others 1997, O novom tipe blagorodnometal’noy mineralizatsii na zapadnom sklone Yuzhnogo Urala [About a new type of precious metal mineralization on the Western slope of the southern Urals]. Rudy i metally [Ores and metals], no. 6, pp. 27–32.
14. Zoloyev K. K., Mardirosyan A. N. 2000, Platinometal’noye orudeneniye v geologicheskikh kompleksakh Srednego Urala [The platinum-metal mineralization in the geological complexes of the Middle Urals]. Ekaterinburg, 260 p.
15. Petrov G. A., Grigor’yev A. G. 2001, Geologicheskoye doizucheniye masshtaba 1:200 000 i podgotovka k izdaniyu Gosgeolkarty-200 (novaya seriya) listov O-40-XVIII i O-41-XIII Sredneural’skoy serii (Saldinskaya ploshchad’) [The geological survey of scale 1:200,000 and preparation for publishing state geological map – 200 (new series) of leaves O-40-XVIII, and O-41-XIII Sredneuralskaya series (Salda area)]. Ekaterinburg, 285 p.
16. Smetannikov A. F., Shanina S. N., Sinegribov V. A., and others 2006, Blagorodnyye metally Verkhnekamskogo mestorozhdeniya soley [Noble metals of the Verkhnekamskoye deposit of salts]. Gornyy zhurnal [Mining Journal], no. 6, pp. 62–64.
17. Konstantinov V. M., Zavarzin A. V., Fayzulin M. I. and others 1999, Netraditsionnyye tipy rudoproyavleniy platinoidov i zolota na vostoke Russkoy platformy i v Ural’skom regione [Non-traditional types of occurrences of platinoids and gold in the East of the Russian platform and in the Ural region]. Rudy i metally [Ores and metals], no. 4, pp. 13–21.
18. Smetannikov A. F., Kudryashov A. I. 1995, O vozmozhnom izvlechenii zolota i serebra iz rud Verkhnekamskogo mestorozhdeniya kaliynykh soley [On possible extraction of gold and silver from ores of Verkhnekamsk deposit of potassic salts]. Rudy i metally [Ores and metals], no. 5. pp. 118–121.
19. Smetannikov A. F., Kudryashov A. I. 1995, Soderzhaniye i raspredeleniye Au. Ag i Pt-metallov v sil’vinitakh Verkhnekamskogo mestorozhdeniya [Content and distribution of Au, Ag and Pt-metals in the sylvinites of the Verkhnekamskoe potash deposit]. Geokhimiya [Geochemistry], no. 9, pp. 1348–1351.
20. Miletsky, B. E., Y. L. Sheludyakov 2012, O predpolagayemom otkrytii pervogo blagorodnometal’nogo rudoproyavleniya v solyanoy tolshche Prikaspiyskoy vpadiny [On the expected opening of the first hosting precious metal deposits in the salt thickness of the Caspian basin]. Rudy i metally [Ores and metals], no. 1, pp. 62–65.

Лицензия Creative Commons
All articles posted on the site are available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Global License.