The factors of the effectiveness of introducing robotic complex at Russian enterprises

I. V. Ershova, O. O. Podolyak, A. V. Danilov


DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.21440/2307-2091-2018-2-130-134

I. V. Ershova et al. / News of the Ural State Mining University 2 (2018) 130-134

The relevance of the work is conditioned by the lack of methodological studies to assess the effectiveness of the introducing robotic complexes. The use of robots is growing in the long-term perspective.
The purpose of the work is to substantiate the system of factors determining the effectiveness of the introduction of robotic systems at Russian enterprises. The article considers the factors of efficiency of the “point” implementation of robotic systems at Russian industrial enterprises in the framework of low-budget projects. A sample of the study was made by 10 companies that have implemented robotic equipment FANUC, and successfully operating it for more than a year. Based on the expert survey of specialists of enterprises, a ranked list of efficiency factors was obtained: increased productivity, improved quality, reduced labor costs, elimination of hazardous operations and production flexibility. The correlation and regression model of the annual savings dependence on the selected factors was constructed. there are The 4 factors remained after checking the factors for interdependence in the model: productivity increase (labor costs); reduction in defectives (quality improvement); harmfulness of work; category of work before implementation. The comparison of the factors of efficiency of implementation of the complexes was carried out. They were obtained by the expert survey of specialists of enterprises and methods of correlation and regression dependence. According to the expert’s estimates, the main factor is “productivity growth”, but calculations have shown that the factor of reduction in defectives comes first. For a single implementation of robotic systems, the growth of productivity is limited by the capacity of adjacent operations, and the reduction of marriage gives a tangible economic effect.
The results of the studies show that the highest efficiency of robotic complexes is provided in cases where there is a need to reduce the level of defects. On routine simple operations defectives can be reduced by half or more, which should be taken into account by specialists implementing robotic complexes and assessing their potential effectiveness.

Keywords: robotic complexes; trends; efficiency; evaluation; factors.



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