Sfen Stepanovich KARAGODIN, Vladimir Sfenovich KARAGODIN, Yuriy Petrovich MOROZOV, Ivan Vasil'evich ZAUZOLKOV

УДК 553.3.072; 071


S. S. Karagodin et al. / News of the Ural State Mining University. 2018. Issue 4(52), pp. 114-121

Relevance of the topic is due to concern of modern civilized society about the negative impact on the ecology of man-made mineral formations of the mining activity. Technogenic ores are represented by sludges, which are removed by groundwater from abandoned pits and rock dumps. They are deposited in surface watercourse and serve as a source of environmental disasters. They overfill natural and artificial sedimentation basin, and the mine waters carrying them threaten to increase acidity in protected reservoirs that serve as a source for drinking water for big cities. At the same time, in recent years, the industrial value of these sludges has been determined, and the technology has been developed for extracting non-ferrous metals and useful associated components from them. It is revealing that this ore sludge occur directly in alluvial and deluvial deposits of river valleys and ponds, which are also of industrial interest as a source of surface gold and industrial minerals – sand gravel mixes. The need for the extraction of large volumes of the latter is particularly relevant, since an extensive construction program is planned and implemented here.
The purpose of this paper is to attract attention of business and the public to an economically advantageous project for the development of manmade copper-zinc ores from the abandoned pits of the Urals with a simultaneous solution of environmental problems.
Methodology. The work was done by the authors using the results of their own research and materials in collaboration with the team of Nedra group Ltd.
The result of the work. The authors have shown the presence of technogenic copper-zinc deposit within the territory of the Degtyarsky pit and predicted gold-bearing placers in addition to it.
Conclusions. The main task of the study in the territory of the Degtyarsky pit is granting the licenses for the sites of Istok and Elchyovka; the estimated cost of engineering design and geological exploration with an evaluation of reserves of non-ferrous, noble metals and associated raw materials in sludge and alluvium-deluvium, as well as with the solution of environmental problems, ranges from 50–60 to 80 million rubles.

Кeywords: technogenic and complex deposit, copper-zinc ores, alluvial gold, industrial minerals, economics, ecology.



1. Zerkalov D. V. 2012, Ekologicheskaya bezopasnost’ [Environmental Safety]. Kiev, 506 p.
2. Gubina V. G., Bastrygina T. M., Zaborovsky V. S. 2015, Ekologicheskiye posledstviya gornodobyvayushchey deyatel’nosti v Krivorozhskom zhelezorudnom basseyne [Environmental effects of mining activities in the Krivoy Rog iron-producing area]. Solid commercial minerals application: technological and environmental problems of mining natural and technogenic deposits: II International scientific conference, December 2–4, 2015: book of reports. Ekaterinburg, pp. 223–224. ISBN 978-966-699-643-8.
3. Hudson T. L., Fox F. D., Plumlee G. S. 1999, Metal Mining and the Environment. Alexandria: American Geological Institute, 68 p.
4. Udachin V. N., Williamson B., Kitagawa R., Lonschakova G. F., Aminov P. G., Udachina L. G. 2011, Chemical composition and mechanisms of formation of acid mine waters of Southern Urals. Voda: khimiya i ekologiya [Water: chemistry and ecology], no. 10, pp. 3–8. (In Russ.)
5. Yucel D. S., Baba A. 2013, Geochemical Characterization of Acid Mine Lakes in Northwest Turkey and Their Effect on the Environment.
Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 64, Issue 3, pp. 357–376. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-012-9843-7
6. Mormille S. I. et al, 2002, Tehnogennye mestorozhdeniya Srednego Urala I otsenka ikh vozdeystviya na okruzhayushchuyu sredu [Technogenic deposits of the Middle Urals and evaluation of their impact on the environment]. Ekaterinburg, 206 p.
7. Rybnikova L. S., Rybnikov P. A., Tyutkov O. V. 2014, Assessment of the Flooded Copper Pyrite Pits Impact upon the Middle Urals Water Bodies. Vodnoye khozyaystvo Rossii [Water sector of Russia], no. 6, pp. 77–91. (In Russ.)
8. Staritsyna I. A., Staritsyna N. A. 2016, Problemy ispol’zovaniya territoriy gornykh otvodov v tselyakh formirovaniya fonda pereraspredeleniya zemel’ [Problems of the use of mining allotments territories in order to form the land redistribution fund]. Konyaev readings. V Anniversary International scientific conference: collection of works, pp. 72–75.
9. 2004, Gornoye proizvodstvo tsvetnoy metallurgii Urala [Mining production of non-ferrous metallurgy of the Urals]. Ed. by V. S. Khokhryakov. Ekaterinburg, 666 p.
10. Kontar’ E. S. 2013, Geologo-promyshlennyye tipy mestorozhdeniy medi, tsinka, svintsa na Urale (geologicheskiye usloviya razmeshcheniya, istoriya formirovaniya, perspektivy) [Geological and industrial types of deposits of copper, zinc, lead in the Urals (geological conditions of location, history of formation, prospects)]. Ekaterinburg, 199 p.
11. V. А. Perepelitsyn, V. M. Rytvin, V. А. Koroteev, A. B. Makarov, V. G. Grigoryev et al. 2013, Tekhnogennoye mineral’noye syr’ye Urala [Technogenic mineral raw materials of the Urals]. Ekaterinburg, 332 p.
12. Semyachkov A. I., Balashenko V. V., Kosolapov V. V. 2009, Ekologo-ekonomicheskaya otsenka tekhnogenno-mineral’nykh obrazovaniy [Ecological and economic assessment of technogenic and mineral formations]. Ed. by A. I. Tatarkin. Ekaterinburg, 196 p.
13. Rubinstein Ju., Barsky L. A. 2002, Non-Ferrous Metal Ores. Deposits, Minerals and Plants. N.-Y., London: Taylor and Francis, 424 p.
14. Distanov U. G., Filko A. S. (eds.) 1990, Netraditsionnyye vidy nerudnogo mineral’nogo syr’ya [Nonconventional types of non-metallic mineral raw materials]. Мoscow, 261 p.
15. Tumanova E. S., Tsibizov A. N., Blokha N. T. et al. 1991, Tekhnogennyye resursy mineral’nogo stroitel’nogo syr’ya [Technogenic resources of industrial minerals]. Мoscow, 208 p.

Лицензия Creative Commons
All articles posted on the site are available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Global License.